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Sentence (English Grammar)


Welcome to abc of edu’s English Grammar Lesson . In this lesson I will discuss about Sentence and kinds of sentence – simple sentence, complex sentence, compound sentence. This lesson is very important for all English Grammar and English Language learners. We express our through and emotional feelings via language. And you know that we can not express anythings without sentence. For this sentence is call the soul of language. So read attentively this lesson and practice as well if you want to really learn English.


Read the following passage :
Mohi Uddin is a student. He is very attentive to his studies. He obeys his parents and teachers. His father is a Farmer, Mohi Uddin wants to be a Self Dependent. He has one brother and one sister. They are also students. His mother is a housewife. She is very careful of her children

Questions :
i) Is it a meaningful passage?
ii) Does each group of words give a complete meaning?
iii) “Mohi Uddin is a student” – is it a group of words?

This group of words “Mohi Uddin is student” is giving a complete idea or meaning. Here it is a sentence. Other groups of words also explorer meaning.

So they are also sentences.

Let’s know

what sentence is:

A sentence is a group of words giving a complete sense or meaning.

NB: Remember the words you say or write cannot make a sentence if they do not express your idea or thought completely.

as for example –
1. Shall go college to I (It is not sentence),
2. I shall go to college (Correct sentence)

I hope you have got a clear Idea about sentence Now I shall discuss about kinds of sentence
according to their structure –
There are there kinds of sentence According to structure:
1. Simple sentence
2. Complex sentence
3. Compound sentence

Now I shall try to discuss about this 3 kinds sentence in brief.

Simple Sentence

Read the following passage and try to understand for better understanding simple sentence:
Mithun is in class ten. He lives in Bishoykhali with his parents. He has two Brothers. They are also students. Mithun has a friend. His name is Shimul. He is also in class ten. Mithun and Shimul go to school every day. Returning from School, they play in the lawn: They sit to read just after sun set. The lesson being over, they go to bed by 11 p. m. Both Mithun and Shimul are good students. Reading is favorite to them; they like to play after school. (Note: In the above passage every sentence has only one subject, one finite verb and also one clause. Students should also know that a clause means a part of a sentence). A sentence which has only one Subject, only one Finite verb and only one clause is called a simple Sentence. the Finite verb may be expressed or understood. Hence, each of the sentences in the passage is a simple sentence.

Example & Explanation:
1. Mithun is in class ten.
2. Returning from school, they play in the lawn. 3. Both Mithun and Shimul are good students.
4. They like to play after school.

In sentence 1. “Mithun is in class ten” here “Mithun” is “subject” and “class ten” is “Finite verb” and This sentence expressing full meaning. So it is a complete sentence. Thus all of above sentence are giving us complete and clear meaning. So those are sentence.

Practice Simple sentence

Complex Sentence

Read the following passage and try to understand for better understanding complex sentence:
You must have heard that Hazrat Rabeya Basri was a great saint. She was born in the city of Basra in Iraq. Her parents were very poor. They died when she was a little girl. Rabeya was the youngest of the four sisters. As they had no net, look after them, they became helpless. Once there was a great famine in Basra. A man who was a robber took away Rabeya from her sisters. She was sold to a rich man who was very cruel. The man always tortured her for no fault. One day Rabeya was serving food to some guests of her master. One guest told her master that he had never seen the bone of a man or woman’ Her master cut out a bone from her left leg. Rabeya could not imagine how a man could become so cruel. She was very kind and pious. Though it was very painful, she did not pray for his punishment. She prayed or forgiveness’

If you read attentively this passage you must have found in the sentences –
some sentences having one Clause, one Finite verb and only one, Subject, some sentences having more than one principal clause and one or two subordinate clauses and some sentences having more clauses joined by connective words or relative conjunctions? All this sentence are complex sentence.

So complex sentence is one that contains one principal clause with one or subordinate clauses.

• Let’s know

what a is complex sentence?

A complex sentence is one that contains one principal clause with one or subordinate clauses.

• In above you read about a simple sentence. Now identify the simple sentences.
• The other sentences with two clauses are complex sentences. Identify them.

Practice complex sentence

Compound Sentence

Read the following passage and try to understand for better understanding complex sentence:
Bangladesh is an agricultural country. She depends on agriculture for her economical development. As her economy depends on agriculture, we should lay emphasis on agriculture. We have to develop cultivation scientifically because scientific method of cultivation can ensure more production. For this purpose we have to identify the problems that our farmers face. They are not only illiterate but also ignorant. They are both deprived and neglected. Though they work hard, they do not get what they deserve. They cannot improve their condition but they work from morning till dusk. They live in want and cannot maintain the family decently. Having worked for whole life, they die in hunger and poverfy. It is really a great pity. Some farmers have neither land of their own or good house to live in. They pass their days in miseries. They till the land of thers and take the share of crops. Thus they maintain the family. The landless farmers also work as day laborers. They earn more by working hard during sowing or harvesting season. Some steps have been taken to improve the condition of our farmers. More should be done in this regard; otherwise the country will not develop rapidly. We must remember that the development of the farmers means the prosperity of the country. The other important thing is industrialization which will create job opportunities. So emphasis should be given to industrialization for attaining economic development.

In the above you read about simple and complex sentences.

Now let’s know

what a compound sentence is.

A compound sentence has more than one principal clause connected by one or more coordinating conjunction.

[Note: In a compound sentence each clause is a principal clause and the following conjunctions are usually used in it: and, but, or, both and, not, only, but also, neither……n or, either….. or, otherwise, therefore, on the

Here are some example for your better understanding :
1. The man is rich but not happy.
2. He is poor but honest.
3. Read regularly or you will not do well in the examination.
4. I always help you, on the contrary you work against me.
5. Neither Rahim nor his brothers are working here.
6. I know you spoke against me, yet I am not angry with you.

Practice compound sentence
In this lesson I have tried to discuss about sentence and kinds of sentence according to structure. In next lesson I shall try to discuss about kinds of sentence according to meanings. Hope you will study and practice more and more.

Objectives: By the end of the lesson you will have
Learnt what a sentence is and how to make a sentence.
Learnt kinds of sentences according to meaning – Assertive, Interrogative, Imperative, Optative and Exclamatory.
Learnt kinds of sentences according to structure – Simple, Complex and Compound.
been able to understand and make simple sentence.
ability to understand why the sentences are simple.
learnt to identify principal and subordinate clauses of the sentence
learnt identifying, simple, complex and compound sentence.

Thanks to all
Read more…
Common Mistakes in English Grammar in English

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How to Write in English Well

write English well , Write Every Day

Hello everybody, Today I am going to writing about an important thing and it is how to write in English correctly. In previous 4 lesson, I have showed you – How to Write short compositions , How to write letter , How to Write essay and how to write paragraph easily. I hope you have learned well and practice in your home. Always remember that practice makes a man perfect. If you read and learn but not practice, then your learning will not complete. For your practice, I have made a practice section for you so that you can practice from here.

How to Write in English Well

 Essay writing tips


Now lets we learn how to write in English correctly. It is really easy to learn how to write English well. As for all purposes of ordinary conversation and communication with English, only about 2,000 different kinds of words are required. The mastery of just only twenty hundred words, the knowing where we can successfully place them, will make us not masters of the English language, but masters of genuine speaking and writing. Small number, you will say, compared with what is in the dictionary at all. But nobody ever uses all the English’s words in the dictionary or could use them did he live to be the age of Methuselah, and there is no necessity for using them. Now it is easy to learn from English vocabulary.

There are actually upwards of two thousand words in the recent editions of the large dictionaries, but the one hundredth part of this number will suffice for all your wants for English writing skill. Yes you may think not, and you may not be content to call things by their common names generally. You may be ambitious to perform superiority over others and display your learning or your pedantry and lack of learning capacity for learning English. For instance, you may not want to call a spade a spade generally. You can also prefer to call it a spatulas device for abrading the surface of the soil at all. However, to stick to the old familiar method, simple name that your grandfather called it. It has stood the test of time and old friends are always good fans for enhancing your skill.

The good English grammatical formation of the English language, so that one can acquit himself as a correct conversationalist in better society or be capable to write and express one’s thoughts and ideas upon paper in the right manner, may be acquired in a few lessons. It is the main purpose of this book, as briefly and concisely as possible by time to direct the reader along a straight services, pointing out the little mistakes he must avoid and providing him such assistance as will allow him to reach the goal of a correct knowledge of the English language. It is not actually a Grammar in any sense of post pointing by the way in the right direction. By following these rules one can obliviously gather the idea of learning the capacity of Speaking and writing English.

I hope now you can guess how to improve your writing skills in English well. I also suggest you to read our all lesson of English writing skills section to improve speaking and writing in English.


Read more….

Essay writing tips.

Importance of Learning English Grammar

Oh yes, don’t forget to share to yours on facebook, twitter or G+. 

Thanks to all.

Essay writing skills that you need to know

Essay writing skills

Essay writing is not easy at all for you if you are not native English. All types of essay should be written in a flowing manner with each sentence following on rationally from the previous one and with suitable signposts to monitor the reader. Actually an essay generally takes the following structured format. Let’s know about the skills for writing an essay.

Essay writing skills that you need to know


paragraph writings

The Introduction: The function of the introduction is really simply to introduce the subject, to describe how you want to understand the question, and define briefly how you mean to deal with it actually. You also can start by defining important terms, so providing a brief historical or personal setting if suitable, and/or by describing why do you think the subject is really important or interesting at the same time. So keep the introduction really shorter, rather to one or two paragraphs and keep it, brief, to the point what you think about. Some students always try to find it best to write a temporary introduction, when they start to write an essay, and then to rewrite this but they have completed the first draft of their essay at the same time. But to write a provisional introduction carefully, just ask yourself what the reader needs to know to follow your subsequent conversation. Moreover other students try to write the introduction after they have written the main body part of the essay; your duty is to do whatever feels right thing for you and the piece of work what you are writing about.

The Main Body: The main body is called A Development of the Issues of your essay. But essays are usually a blend of investigated evidence. The students’ essays amount to sets of factual substantial or reviews of other people’s thoughts, insolences, philosophies or belvederes at the same time. But at the opposite term, other students always describe only personal thoughts with little or no investigated evidence or examples taken from other authors to help their views.  So what is needed is a balance at all.

A Conclusion: At the end of an essay you should think about adding a short conclusion, the purpose of which is to sum up or include a conclusion from your dispute or comparison of perspectives. In other words, always indicate what has been educated or skillful at all. So the conclusion is often also a good place to mention questions which are left open or same issues which you recognize or not, but which do not come within the choice of your essay. Neither the conclusion, nor the introduction, should fully just summaries your whole argument: if you try to do this, you are in danger of writing another task that simply repeats the whole case over again.

A Good Reference: You can also add a reference list or bibliography at the end of your task. One common downfall is to not generally reference sufficiently and be accused of plagiarism.  If you have completely quoted any other author’s text you should always try to indicate precisely where the evidence comes from in a reference at all.  If you have read other assignment to contrast your argument then finally these should also be referenced at all.

I think you have got the proper idea about Essay writing skills.

Thank you

Read more….

  1. How to Improve English Grammar & English Writings?
  2. How to Write in English Well
  3. Essay writing tips.